All You Need To Know About Lobster Farming (Is It Worth It?)

By Matt Taylor  |  Tips & Information

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Lobster is tasty seafood that many people love worldwide, and lobster farming can be a highly profitable enterprise. Since the early twentieth century, lobster farming has been practiced to supply the enormous demand for meat from these crustaceans. With that in mind, what is there to know about lobster farming?

Healthy living conditions, clean water, and lobster feed may aid lobster growth. However, lobsters take a long time to develop and have a poor Food Conversion Ratio; and require about 10 - 15 pounds of feed to develop one pound, and feed accounts for over 60% of the expense of lobster cultivation.

Lobsters are pretty versatile sea critters and can be very territorial. Although lobster farming may prove to be in high demand, the practice of lobster farming may be difficult. However, understanding the lobster industry can help your farm succeed. In light of that, let's take a closer look at all you need to know about lobster farming.

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A Beginners Guide To Lobster Farming

Commercial lobster cultivation is a lucrative enterprise and is a relatively new industry. However, it's a reasonably new economic concept, and contemporary commercial farming has been practiced since the early twentieth century.

Lobster is an excellent type of seafood. It is prevalent, and many people all around the world like it. When beginning a lobster farming business, the essential aspects to consider are clean water, a healthy environment, and adequate food.

Lobsters belong to a broad family of marine crustaceans. Their bodies are long, with powerful tails, and they can be found in all oceans, on rocky, sandy, or murky bottoms from the shoreline to the continental shelf's edge.

Lobsters usually dwell alone in caves or tunnels beneath rocks. Claws are present on three of their five legs, including the first pair, usually much bigger than the others. Lobsters are often collected in baited one-way traps with cages marked with a color-coded marker buoy. They are often caught in water depths of 2 to 900 meters (although some lobsters can live at 3,700 meters).

The commercial lobster farming industry is still relatively unknown, owing to the lobster's penchant for cannibalism and the species' sluggish development. However, before venturing into the lobster farming business, the essential factor is to research the type of lobster you would like to farm. That said, start by looking at some relevant information about lobsters.

Learn Relevant Information About Lobsters

Lobster farming is fascinating since there is so much to learn. Therefore, getting pertinent knowledge on lobsters is valuable before beginning your own lobster farm.

Knowing about the many types of lobsters, how they reproduce, the kind of food they eat, their nutrient makeup, how to collect them, and various other topics can help you operate your own lobster farm effectively.

Tiger Lobsters, Bamboo, and Adik-Adik Lobsters are the most profitable available species. As a result, certain species grow faster, and demand for them is high in both foreign and domestic markets.

The three species stated above are not the same; they differ from one another, just as their names do. For example, the Bamboo Lobsters' legs are striped and have a bamboo look; the Adik-Adik Lobsters' legs are reddish-black, and the Tiger Lobsters' legs are spotted. You can choose one of the three based on the production rate and the area.

In a sale, the capacity to reproduce and the size of the lobsters are the most critical factors. The cost of an introductory beginning kit of young lobsters starts at around $75. Then, based on the breeding approach, lobsters may be purchased for about $20 to $25 each. Once you have conducted the necessary research on the lobster, the next step is to find the ideal location for your farm.

Choose A Suitable Location For Your Lobster Farm

Three factors are required for a successful lobster farm location: ample room to put up numerous troughs, clean water (free of contaminants and garbage), and a local supply of lobster larvae. Look for a site that has all three of these essential qualities.

Although your farm does not need to be near the water, it won't be easy to collect lobster larvae if it is not, and lobster larvae do not ship well. Furthermore, natural sunshine aids lobster growth, making outdoor troughs perfect. Finally, because most lobsters live in saltwater, you'll need either a direct saltwater source or a kit to salinate the freshwater you already have.

However, unlike other forms of farming, starting a lobster farm necessitates finding a suitable area that is adjacent to a clean water source, on level ground, and large enough to accommodate all of the drains or gutters you want to build. Furthermore, you should locate your lobster farm away from industry and mining areas.

As a result, all of these variables must be considered since industrial waste might pollute your lobster farm. When purchasing property for your lobster farm, inform your real estate agent what you want to do with it. Furthermore, moving to the outskirts of town, where you can obtain acreage, might also be beneficial. For example, farmland is inexpensive and will help you cut your startup costs.

Finally, check with your local Department of Natural Resources to see whether a permit is required. Find your local Department of Natural Resources (which might be operated by your city, county, state, or province). Inquire with the DNR about any lobster farm laws. If you need permission, complete the proper paperwork, pay any costs, and get your permit before starting farming.

Determine The Type Of Lobster Farming Method

Lobster farmers are most commonly found in warm coastal areas or near vast bodies of water. Vietnam and Cambodia, as well as other Middle Eastern nations and Australia, have thriving businesses. Lobsters may be grown on land, in tanks, troughs, or in an open sea cage system. Depending on the amenities available in your location, you can select any system.

Land-Based System For Lobster Farming

With the right setting, you can effectively implement a land-based holding system. Dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrate, and carbon dioxide concentrations are all necessary water quality metrics.

The amounts of nitrate, pH, salinity and alkalinity in the system must be monitored. Ionized ammonium is less poisonous than unionized ammonia.

The content of ammonia in culture water should be less than 2 mg per liter, depending on the temperature and pH of the water. The requirement for oxygen increases during molting and after feeding, and these events usually occur at night. Therefore, if adequate oxygen is not available, it will directly impact lobster growth.

Indoor Tank Systems For Lobster Farming

The recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) is commonly employed in this system. After the waste products are removed, most of the water is reused in the recirculating system. The recirculating system aerates the water that returns to the fattening system and eliminates solid waste, ammonia, nitrite, and carbon dioxide.

Mechanical filtration removes solid wastes, biological filtration removes ammonia and nitrite, and a supply of air and water interface removes carbon dioxide. Water is pushed into another tank in flow-through systems. The stocking density and feeding intensity determine the rate of water flow. The entering water should be sediment-free.

Open Sea Cage And Pens For Lobster Farming

It is a widely used lobster farming method. The youngsters are stocked in the cage and fed mussel and waste fish twice daily.

Some individuals do, however, give their lobsters professionally prepared tailored meals. As a result, conversion rates for such feeds are high. This practice is prevalent in Vietnam and Cambodia and certain Middle Eastern countries and Australia.

Lobster farmers who live near the water can construct lobster enclosures along the seashore. The corner foundations of the pen, which is mainly made of nets, are bamboo poles. The chamber usually is approximately 215 square feet in size (20 square m). This size of lobster farm pen may hold up to 200 fingerlings or baby lobsters, ranging in length from 1.5 to 2.75 inches (4 to 7 cm).

Others may employ submerged wire mesh cages. The size of these containers varies, but 10 square feet (1 square meter) for ten growing lobsters is typical. The water in the enclosures has salinity and temperature balanced to mimic the lobster's native environment. On land, some lobster farming enterprises use specially designed pond-like habitats.

Build Troughs To House Your Lobsters

Setting up troughs for your lobster farm is another good option. Purchase multiple sturdy troughs to provide a healthy atmosphere on the lobster farm. These will keep the lobsters secure from outside predators and keep them contained on the farm.

In addition, consider the safety and health of your lobsters while building the feeders for your lobster farm, particularly when they are still in the larval stage. Lastly, to avoid locust congestion, make sure there are enough troughs near each other.

To keep your lobsters safe when using the trough farming method, use netting that measures 2 x 2 inches (5.1 cm x 5.1 cm). To keep your lobsters from escaping, cover your troughs with netting. For increased protection, bamboo slats can be placed on top of the troughs. As a result, this will help secure your lobster hatchlings from predators such as birds.

In addition, place the trough's sides side by side in even rows so that each one is easily accessible. Finally, fill your saltwater troughs with clean water. Troughs are available at several agricultural supply stores and online.

The Importance Of Water Quality In Lobster Farming

Sustainable aquaculture aims to build a food production system while preserving natural resources; both of these objectives may be met if the aquaculture method used has a minimal ecological effect. Recirculating aquaculture methods allow for better waste management through fertilizer recycling and water conservation, making intensive lobster farming more environmentally friendly and cost-effective.

In addition, the capacity to manage water quality in the system daily to reduce loss due to a disease outbreak, minimize animal stress, boost development rate, and be used for high-density aquaculture are all advantages of employing recirculation systems.

To ensure optimal water quality for lobster growth, RAS is generally fitted with a few water treatment devices to remove ammonia (biofilters), solid particle removal (drum filter or protein skimmer), aeration, and carbon dioxide degassing.

Maintaining Water Salinity

Maintain a salinity level of 30,000-35,000 parts per million in the water. If you're using the local water supply, be sure it's been treated to eliminate chlorine and other minerals. Use a commercial salt mix for marine life.

Follow the instructions and utilize a test kit to get a salinity of 30,000-35,000 parts per million to get a test kit to check you've done everything correctly. Overall, if feasible, utilize natural seawater and supplement with saline to boost the salinity. To reduce the salinity, dilute with purified water.

Maintaining The Water PH Levels

Maintain a pH level of 6.5 to 8.5. To measure the pH level of your water, use a pH test kit. In addition, if the pH is too low, add one teaspoon (4.9 mL) baking soda per 19 liters (5.0 US gal) and test again after a few hours. Place a mesh bag of peat moss in your filter if the pH is too high.

Allow it to run for two days before re-testing. That said, it would be best if you did not introduce your lobsters to the tank until the pH is balanced.

Water Quality Maintenance

Keep your troughs clean by doing weekly maintenance. Replace 10-15 percent of the water in your troughs with conditioned, salinated water once a week. Purchase a simple water testing kit and use it once a week to check the pH and salinity of the water.

Examine your filters at least once a week. When necessary, rinse your filters. Replace your filters if they are worn or damaged or aren't performing optimally, and always treat municipal water before using it in your troughs.

Water Filtration And Circulation

To circulate oxygen and eliminate waste, provide enough filtration. A pump and a couple of decent filters can keep your water clean and oxygenated. This promotes lobster growth while preventing disease transmission. Your water will be degassed and oxygenated using gravity percolation filtration technology.

To circulate oxygen and eliminate waste, provide enough filtration. A pump and a couple of decent filters can keep your water clean and oxygenated. This promotes lobster growth while preventing disease transmission. Your water will be degassed and oxygenated using gravity percolation filtration technology.

A mechanical-biological filter will filter waste from the water supply and convert it to a less dangerous nitrate that the lobsters may drink. Finally, water will be circulated through the filtering systems using a submersible pump. Purchase and install these filters in your lobster troughs. Keep the following points in mind

  • Keep in mind that clean and filtered water is required to protect lobsters from disease. The disease may swiftly spread across a farm.
  • Filters and pumps may be purchased at local agricultural supply stores or online.

Growing Lobsters On Your Farm

Before building a lobster farm, you should make sure you have suppliers of larvae. You might be able to get inexpensive larvae in your city, especially if there are a lot of vendors nearby.

However, if you must go a considerable distance to purchase larvae, be prepared to spend more. The fact is that moving your larvae from a long distance might result in the death of a large number of them if not done correctly. As a result, you should locate your lobster farm near the larvae's source.

Lobster larvae can be purchased from hatcheries. Lobster larvae are produced and prepared in fisheries or hatcheries for up to a month. In a 1-square-meter enclosure, ten lobsters weighing 150 to 200 grams may be kept. Approximately 10,000 pieces of larvae can be supplied per acre in general. 

Ensure that the supplier is close to your farm so that the lobsters are not damaged during shipping. A lobster emerges from its shell as a little, translucent creature with huge eyes and a spiky body. As a result, this is a larval stage, and it will go through four phases before becoming a recognized lobster.

Feed For Your Lobster Farm

Lobsters were once thought to be primarily scavengers, feeding on decaying organic waste. In contrast, Lobsters prefer fresh foods such as shrimp, sea urchins, plant life, mollusks, and, in rare cases, other lobsters.

Lobsters require lobster feed twice a day, and because they are carnivores, they are usually given smaller fish as feed. So, to begin, feed it seaweed and get advice from your local hatchery on what to provide fingerlings.

Lobsters require lobster feed twice a day, and because they are carnivores, they are usually given smaller fish as feed. So, to begin, feed it seaweed and get advice from your local hatchery on what to provide fingerlings.

Additionally, feed the lobsters to keep them healthy and developing. Lobsters consume tiny crustaceans, mollusks, and fish in the wild. The appropriate lobster feed may be acquired online or via the provider of your larvae. If specialized lobster feeds are unavailable, a cod feed can be used as a substitute. Follow the serving size directions on the box.

Lobsters should be checked at least twice a month to assess feed frequency requirements and to keep track of costs.

Lobsters Are Territorial

Remember that Lobsters are very aggressive animals, and they fight with each other for shelter, food, and mates. Lobsters are fiercely territorial, and they develop a hierarchy of authority within their colony of lobsters.

Lobsters have a bad reputation for cannibalism when kept in captivity and when they fall into traps. Furthermore, lobsters that have just molted and shed their hard shells will be eaten. Scientists have even discovered live lobsters in the intestines of adults.

Set up a tank large enough to hold twice as many liters of water as the weight of your lobsters. If you're planning to keep five 1-pound lobsters in the tank, it should contain at least 10 gallons of water (more if you expect the lobsters to grow further). However, lobsters are excellent breeders by nature. In natural settings, they will quickly reproduce. Still, in hatcheries, it is possible to breed and create larvae.

Marketing Your Lobsters

In the past, lobster was canned and sold to enslaved laborers for decades. The food didn't really take off until the railway sector moved its attention to the affluent inland men.

Consumers who surround your business have an impact on how the market perceives your goods. For example, it will be more challenging to persuade your clients that your product can enhance their lives if you surround yourself with individuals who do not live a better life.

On the other hand, you have a higher chance of placing your product in a more desirable light if you appeal to individuals who are madly, profoundly, and passionately in love with what you're offering. Furthermore, lobsters are in high demand and have a high value in domestic and international markets. As a result, your stock will most likely sell well in the local market.

With that in mind, offer to sell your lobsters to local grocery shops and restaurants directly (preferably in person). Do this before you go lobster hunting. Create a contract that describes the parameters of your arrangement with a particular grocery shop or restaurant, including the estimated number of lobsters they will buy, the price, and the estimated delivery date.

Harvesting Your Lobsters

When lobsters reach the required marketing size, you may expect to harvest them. Lobsters are gathered carefully with nets to prevent causing harm to the animal. When exposed to freshwater, the majority of lobster species will perish. So, if it's pouring, don't harvest.

Lobsters can be taken when they reach a weight of 0.8–1 kilogram (1.8–2.2 lb) after around 6-7 months. Nets can be used to collect lobsters from their troughs. Before packaging lobsters, place them in a basin filled with seawater.

Post-harvesting is also an important consideration. The lobsters are divided into three categories: new shell, hard shell, and old shell. Grading is a crucial procedure after harvesting because the most delicate and costly lobsters are those that have just lost their shells.

Shipping Your Lobsters

Lobsters are bought and brought alive to be culled right before eating. As a result, this necessitates careful packaging and delivery of lobsters. A common practice is to wrap your lobsters in seawater-soaked fabric and store them in Styrofoam cartons.


Even though lobster farming has many more technicalities, understanding everything you need to know in a beginner's guide to lobster farming is a great place to start before diving into the beautiful world of crustacean cultivation. As long as you ensure the environment meets the requirements of your farm, the lobsters will take care of the rest!

This is not an Investment Advice

The Ideas and Strategies presented on this website and the information are based on our research and experience. These strategies are not intended to be a source of financial or business advice concerning the material presented. The information and documents contained on this website do not constitute investment advice. Any business idea or investment plan with financial risk should never be used without first assessing your own personal and financial situation or consulting a financial professional.

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